The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. However, Athens, like many other Bronze Age settlements, went into economic decline for around 150 years afterwards. During its classical period, Athens had a population between 350,000 and 610,000. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The city has also been host to sports events of international importance. By the mid-4th century BC, the northern Greek kingdom of Macedon was becoming dominant in Athenian affairs. [23] In an alternative version of the myth from Vergil's Georgics, Poseidon instead gave the Athenians the first horse. The decline in the birth rate can be caused by education levels, the economic crisis, women’s unemployment, and the government’s inability or unwillingness to encourage fertility. Advances in Building Energy Research, 5,1, 7–41", "ΕΡΓΟ ΑΝΑΒΑΘΜΙΣΗΣ ΔΙΥΛΙΣΤΗΡΙΟΥ ΕΛΕΥΣΙΝΑΣ", "European Space Agency ESA helps make summer in the city more bearable", "World Meteorological Organization's World Weather & Climate Extremes Archive", "Climatic Data for selected stations in Greece: Elliniko (Elliniko)", "Klimatafel von Athen Flughafen (Hellinikon) / Griechenland", "Climatic Data for selected stations in Greece: Athens Airport", "Climate: Nea Filadelfia, Attiki (Greece)", "Cushman & Wakefield – Global real estate solutions – News & Events", "Olympic Games 2004: five major projects for Athens", "Eaxa :: Ενοποιηση Αρχαιολογικων Χωρων Αθηνασ Α.Ε", "Distance between Piraeus (Attiki) and Varkiza (Piraios Nomos) (Greece)", "Hellenikon Metropolitan Park Competition", "Europe | Greek forest fire close to Athens", "Distance between Athens, Greece and Piraeus, Greece",,,, "Greater Athens (Greece): Municipalities - Population Statistics, Charts and Map", "MASTER PLAN FOR ATHENS AND ATTICA 2021, pg 13, 24, 27, 33, 36, 89", "The growth of Greek cities in the first millennium BC", "ΑΡΧΕΙΟ ΝΕΟΤΕΡΩΝ ΜΝΗΜΕΙΩΝ - Δημαρχείο Αθηνών", "Where is Atenas De San Cristobal in Atlántida, Honduras located?

They together with the regional unit of Piraeus (Greater Piraeus) make up the dense Athens Urban Area which reaches a total population of 3,090,508 inhabitants (in 2011). By the end of Late Antiquity, Athens had shrunk due to sacks by the Herulians, Visigoths, and Early Slavs which caused massive destruction in the city. [23] According to the account given by Pseudo-Apollodorus, Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and a salt water spring welled up. From 2001 to 2011, the city's population dropped from 745,000 to 664,000, down from a height of 718,000 in 1921. [134] Beyond the dimensions of its passenger capacity, ATH handled 205,294 total flights in 2007, or approximately 562 flights per day.[135]. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. Athens is the capital of Greece, the largest city in the country, and one of the world’s oldest cities overall. The 2011 census found the population was comprised of Greek citizens (91%), Albanian citizens (4.5%), Bulgarian citizens (0.7%), Romanian citizens (0.4%), Pakistani citizens (0.3%) and Georgian citizens (0.25%). According to their geographic location in relation to the City of Athens, the suburbs are divided into four zones; the northern suburbs (including Agios Stefanos, Dionysos, Ekali, Nea Erythraia, Kifissia, Kryoneri, Maroussi, Pefki, Lykovrysi, Metamorfosi, Nea Ionia, Nea Filadelfeia, Irakleio, Vrilissia, Melissia, Penteli, Chalandri, Agia Paraskevi, Gerakas, Pallini, Galatsi, Psychiko and Filothei); the southern suburbs (including Alimos, Nea Smyrni, Moschato, Tavros, Agios Ioannis Rentis, Kallithea, Piraeus, Agios Dimitrios, Palaio Faliro, Elliniko, Glyfada, Lagonisi, Saronida, Argyroupoli, Ilioupoli, Varkiza, Voula, Vari and Vouliagmeni); the eastern suburbs (including Zografou, Dafni, Vyronas, Kaisariani, Cholargos and Papagou); and the western suburbs (including Peristeri, Ilion, Egaleo, Koridallos, Agia Varvara, Keratsini, Perama, Nikaia, Drapetsona, Chaidari, Petroupoli, Agioi Anargyroi, Ano Liosia, Aspropyrgos, Eleusina, Acharnes and Kamatero).

In the past decade, Greece has been struggling with crippling amounts of debt and unemployment. The race least likely to be in poverty in Athens is Islander, with 9.64% below the poverty level.

[44], Owing to the rain shadow of the Pindus Mountains, annual precipitation of Athens is lower than most other parts of Greece, especially western Greece. In 500 BC the area probably contained 200,000 people. Officials say that families simply can't afford to have children. There are also populations of Jews, Armenians, Romani, Pomaks, and Turks in the city. The city was freed in 1833, and in the following 170 years it was the scene of more than a dozen revolutions, another brutal foreign occupation, and a civil war of especial savagery. Nevertheless, it is wrong to say that Athens is a mixture of East and West: it is Greek and, more particularly, Athenian. Retrieved 2 June 2014. Athens had by this time become a significant naval power with a large fleet, and helped the rebellion of the Ionian cities against Persian rule. 16–28. Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland and the warmest major city in Europe. The Athens Metropolitan Area, with an area of 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) and inhabited by 3,753,783 people in 2011,[2] consists of the Athens Urban Area with the addition of the towns and villages of East and West Attica, which surround the dense urban area of the Greek capital. The intercalated competitions were intermediate games to the internationally organized Olympics, and were meant to be organized in Greece every four years, between the main Olympics. In addition to building a raft of new sports venues and facilities (including a stadium designed by Santiago Calatrava), Athens undertook massive transportation infrastructure improvements that included dramatic expansion of public transportation and the construction of a new international airport.

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