[5], In 1688, the members of the community organized the unsuccessful Chiprovtsi Uprising against the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria. The situation of migrants and refugees in Bulgaria is illustrative of the discrimination faced by other minorities. The Austrian authorities,[15] allowed 2,000 people to found the villages of Stár Bišnov in 1738 and some 125 families Vinga in 1741. Today, the Bulgarian Union of the Banat – Romania issues the biweekly newspaper Náša glás and the monthly magazine Literaturna miselj. [44], After the war, Banat Bulgarians in Romania and Yugoslavia were ruled by communist regimes. While minorities remain under-represented in the 240-seat Bulgarian National Assembly, in regions where minorities live in substantial numbers, minority members have been elected as mayors and members of locally elected bodies. Around 300 families of the surviving Catholics fled north of the Danube to Oltenia, initially settling in Craiova, Râmnicu Vâlcea, and other cities, where their existing rights were confirmed by Wallachian Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu. In the Romanian Banat, some were deported in the Bărăgan deportations in 1951, but most of those were allowed to return in 1956–57. There are an estimated 160,000 – 240,000 Pomaks living mainly in the Rhodope Mountains, who are most probably descendants of Bulgarian Christians who converted to Islam during the period of Ottoman rule, while retaining the Bulgarian language as well as certain Orthodox practices.

They are estimated at around 25,000 by Greek organizations and around 28,500 by the Greek government. [4][5] According to Blagovest Njagulov, there existed differences in self-designation among communities. [61], A formal Banat Bulgarian female costume dating to the 19th century, Historia Domus, the earliest chronicle of the Banat Bulgarians, Liturgy in the Bulgarian church in Dudeștii Vechi, In 1963 was estimated that approximately lived 18,000 Banat Bulgarians in Banat, of which 12,000 in Romanian, and 6,000 in Serbian part of the region. [Represents the interests of the Roma students in Bulgaria] The changes would have abolished Taraclia district (a Soviet-era raion) and attached the area to neighbouring Cahul county, in the process transforming the Bulgarian population from a two-thirds local majority to a minority of 16 per cent. The costume of Vinga is reminiscent of those of sub-Balkan cities in Bulgaria; the one of Stár Bišnov is characteristic of northwestern Bulgaria.

Website: http://www.bghelsinki.org/index_en.html, Centre for the Study of Democracy

According to the Anti-Defamation League, 44 per cent of Bulgarians harbour anti-Semitic attitudes – 10 percentage points higher than for Eastern Europe as a whole. There was also a signicant increase in the share of respondents who had heard statements against Muslims – from 10.6 per cent in 2014 to 38 per cent in 2016. [54] Besides loanwords, the lexis of Banat Bulgarian has also acquired calques and neologisms, such as svetica ("icon", formerly used ikona and influenced by German Heiligenbild), zarno ("bullet", from the word meaning "grain"), oganbalváč ("volcano", literally "fire belcher"), and predhurta ("foreword"). Baštá náš, kojtu si na nebeto: Imetu ti da se pusveti. да дойде царството Твое, да бъде волята Твоя.

Research by the Open Society Institute shows that hate speech towards Muslims increased sharply between 2014 and 2016. The 1893 census listed the following nationalities and religious groups in order of prevalence: Eastern Rite Orthodox Bulgarians, Turks, Romanians, Greeks, Gypsies, Jews, Muslim Bulgarians, Catholic Bulgarians, Tatars, Gagauzi (a Turkishspeaking people of the Eastern Orthodox faith), Armenians, Protestant Bulgarians, Vlachs (a Romanian-speaking people in southwest Bulgaria), and foreigners of various nationalities, mainly Russians and Germans. 91 per cent of respondents provided responses on their ethnicity: of those, 84.8 per cent identified as Bulgarian, 8.8 per cent as Turks and 4.9 per cent as Roma. In addition, self-described ‘migrant-hunters’ have received praise from the public as well as the head of country’s border police local police and national press for illegally detaining or searching migrants during organised ‘civic patrols’. Whether a movement or a party, it is the third largest political organization and has gone on to be a coalition partner in several Bulgarian governments. The Constitution of 1947, while making the Bulgarian language obligatory in schools, affirmed that ‘National minorities have a right to be educated in the vernacular .

[3], The earliest and most important centers of the Banat Bulgarian population are the villages of Dudeştii Vechi (Stár Bišnov) and Vinga, both today in Romania,[67]

They had religious freedom until the 11th century when the majority were Christianized to the official state faith by Alexios I Komnenos. [16][17] In 1744, a decree of Maria Theresa of Austria again confirmed their privileges received in Oltenia. As a result of increasing tension between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, recognition of Macedonian rights waned, and attempts at assimilation began to be pursued with increasing vigour after 1948. Since the ‘gentle revolution’ of 1989, Bulgaria has moved towards political pluralism, liberal democracy and a market economy.

[35] Members of the Banat Bulgarian community in Hungary include several deputies to the National Assembly, such as Petar Dobroslav, whose son László Dobroslav (László Bolgár) was a diplomat, and Georgi Velčov. London E1 6LT, UK, Email: minority.rights@mrgmail.orgTelephone: +44 (0)20 7422 4200 The march is endorsed by ultranationalist groups and occurs in spite of protests from Jewish groups and foreign governments. MRG Greece, Pettifer, J. and Poulton, H., The Southern Balkans, London, MRG report, 1994. Throughout the interwar period, the government pursued a policy of neglect towards minorities, although Turkish and other minority schools were allowed to function. Enforcement of this provision, which may violate international conventions, has led to the disqualification of several minority parties from participation in the electoral process, including initially the predominantly ethnic Turkish Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS). A large proportion of the Bulgarian minority speak Bulgarian as their mother tongue, particularly in rural areas, while many also speak Russian in cities: according to the 2014 census, it is the primary language for 1.7 per cent of the population. The restoration of the rights of minorities began with the collapse of the communist government in November 1989. Labour market reforms were nevertheless criticized by the International Trade Union Confederation as having ‘catastrophic’ social consequences, and Bulgaria remains the poorest member of the EU. Human rights groups have criticised this ‘containment plan’ and documented the actions of border police, often using excessive force, when summarily returning asylum seekers to Turkey.

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