Amos 3 Commentary; II. Kirioth--the chief city of Moab, called also Kir-Moab ( Isaiah 15:1 ).

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible "But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour the palaces of Keiloth; and Moab shall die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet. . "The judge ..." This does not mean that Moab was without a king at the time of this prophecy. .

Every conceivable motive is freely ascribed to him, but no one has ever named him! 16. flee . . . "[18] Such a definition, of course, presupposes that there actually was no "law of Jehovah" in any definite sense at that time.

MAURER translates, "I will press you down" (not as Margin, "your place"; so the Hebrew, Job 40:12 ; or Amos 2:7 in Hebrew text).

They were not driven by poverty to such a sin; beginning with suffering themselves to be tempted by a large bribe, they at last are so reckless of all shame as to prostitute justice for the merest trifle. The Nazarites were a class of spiritual leaders who used neither wine nor strong drink and never allowed the use of a razor. The evil passions of the heart break out in various forms; but the Lord looks to our motives, as well as our conduct. drink . The Margin translates actively, "I will depress your place," that is, "I will make it narrow," a metaphor for afflicting a people; the opposite of enlarging, that is, relieving ( Psalms 4:1 , Proverbs 4:12 ). the Amorite--the most powerful of all the Canaanite nations, and therefore put for them all ( Genesis 15:16 , 48:22 , Deuteronomy 1:20 , Joshua 7:7 ). This series of judgments (Amos 1:3-2:16) is not a "collection" of separate "oracles," assembled and pieced together by some "editor" or "redactor" from some undetermined period subsequent to the times of Amos; but they constitute a very coherent, logically arranged, and skillfully presented prophecy, the principal import of which was directed against the northern kingdom. 13. In this chapter, Amos continued the prophecy against Israel's pagan kinsmen, Moab, and then very properly, and of necessity, included the prophetic denunciation of his own nation, Judah, including a specific revelation that Jerusalem too would be destroyed for their sins. "[14] Thus, Judah is not judged for the wild excesses of the heathen, but for their rejection of the Lord's word. .

We can seethe name in 2 Chronicles 17:16. This indicates that God's Word and the spiritual leaders who taught it and advocated it were alike hated by the Israelites. Such conduct leads many to unbelief and vile idolatry. If Amos had left out this denunciative prophecy of Jerusalem, it would have compromised his whole message.

We believe that there is an eternal message in this eight-fold warning. "[29] No. . This cannot be true; and we are delighted to correct the error in this Revised Edition. "[16] He also positively identified "the law of Jehovah," in this place as, "The Mosaic Code in general.

But probably hebought and sold farm animals too. . Perhaps the *earthquake happened about 760*B.C.

From foreign kingdoms he passes to Judah and Israel, lest it should be said, he was strenuous in denouncing sins abroad, but connived at those of his own nation.

Amos 3:1-8 There is Cause for Judgment. It is a pleasure to mention here one of the truly great scholars, Hammershaimb, who has well defended "the genuineness of this passage."[21]. 12. (1-8) The ingratitude and ruin of Israel. "A man and his father unto the same maiden ..." Motyer accurately described the sin here as an open defiance of the law of God against adultery (Exodus 20:14), and fornication in the name of religion in particular (Deuteronomy 23:17). It is a judgment upon their judge, who had passed the sentence upon the bones of the king of Edom that they should be burnt to lime: I will cut him off, says God ( …

beneath--that is, destroyed him utterly ( Job 18:16 , Ezekiel 17:9 , Malachi 4:1 ). This pronouncement prophesied the overthrow of Moab by military conquest, a forecast actually fulfilled by the Assyrian monarchs Shalmanezer and Sargon. We unhesitatingly declare him to be a fraud and a deceit perpetrated in the interest of destructive criticism.

. upon clothes laid to pledge--the outer garment, which Exodus 22:25-27 ordered to be restored to the poor man before sunset, as being his only covering. They had helps for their souls, which taught them how to make good use of their earthly enjoyments, and were therefore more valuable. This ephemeral, shadowy "character" is impossible of any objective identification. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". go in unto the same maid--from Amos 2:8 it seems likely "the damsel" meant is one of the prostitutes attached to the idol Astarte's temple: prostitution being part of her filthy worship. We know that he looked after sheep.

. 3. the judge--the chief magistrate, the supreme source of justice. "Judah is not immune to God's judgment because they are God's elect; indeed their judgments are greater because they are his, and being his, they chose to rebel against him. Faithful ministers are great blessings to any people; but it is God that raises them up to be so. 9. The remarkable nation of the Amorites was one of the dispossessed peoples, being noted particularly for their remarkable physical prowess and their great size (Numbers 13:32). Furthermore, as we have observed, it was the absolutely necessary prelude to pointing the prophetic barrage against Israel herself. "Because they have rejected the law of Jehovah ..." Amos could not have formulated a more perfect reference to the Pentateuch, the prior corpus of the divine Law of God, known and received by all the Israelites for generations prior to Amos' times. God's judgment against sin is certain to be executed: "Thus saith Jehovah: For three transgressions of Israel, yea, for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have sold the righteous for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes. The Nazarite was not to shave ( Numbers 6:2 , &c.). Judah despised the law of the Lord; and he justly gave them up to strong delusion; nor was it any excuse for their sin, that they were the lies, the idols, after which their fathers walked. The frantic efforts of critics to get this out of the Bible is based altogether upon a prior bias to the effect that Amos was not all concerned about violations of the Pentateuch (the law of Jehovah), but that he was a prophet like the modern liberals interested only in social reform! . head of . "Behold, I will press you in your place, as a cart presseth that is full of sheaves. . . The Jews first cast off the divine law, then fall into lying errors; God thus visiting them with a righteous retribution ( Romans 1:25 Romans 1:26 Romans 1:28 , 2 Thessalonians 2:11 2 Thessalonians 2:12 ).
Jamieson wrote: Some have attempted to deny the obvious connection with idol-worship which surfaces in this verse, basing the denial solely upon Amos' use of an unusual word for "maiden," instead of the word ordinarily used to describe the temple prostitutes; but Keil explained the reason for this thus: "To profane my holy name ..." "The crux of the matter seems to lie in this expression ... the next lines refer to every altar, and the house of their God, which would indicate that some type of worship is related to these sins."[33].

destroyed his fruit .

Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Adultery and the frequenting of the sacred prostitutes in such temples as those of Astarte do not come under the classification of oppressing the poor! "For three transgressions, yea, for four ..." This first great strophe is couched in exactly the same language as all the others, being part of a single address, delivered upon a definite occasion, and later written down by the prophet himself. Salem Media Group. . Judah despised the law of the Lord; and he justly gave them up to strong delusion; nor was it any excuse for their sin, that they were … The overthrow of Israel is given in different words from that of the other nations, but the meaning is the same, military defeat and destruction. . bones of . Amos 2:6 "Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes;" God had declared that “the poor” be afforded the same privileges and care as the rest of society (5:11; 8:4-8; Prov. Amos 4:6-11 Yet Have Ye Not Returned Unto Me. We have the words repeated eight times that, "Thus saith Jehovah," making God Himself the author of these words, not Amos. The three and four pattern holds good for the whole world of Adam's race. The people would have said, "Ah, we see that this so-called prophet is blind to the spectacular sins of his nation at the very moment he is crying out against everyone else!"

May we then humble ourselves before the Lord, for all our ingratitude and unfaithfulness. There were two classes of these: (1) the Nazarite of days, whose vows were for a stated season only, and (2) the Nazarite for life, of whom there are three mentioned in the Bible: Samson, Samuel, and John the Baptist. It is a denial based upon what someone in the 20th century imagines that Amos thought! Much of the Old Testament is a history of the brutal and inhumane treatment of the prophets by God's chosen people. "And I raised up of your sons prophets, and of your young men for Nazarites, is it not even thus, O ye children of Israel? commandments--or statutes, the ceremonies and civil laws. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "Also I brought you up out of the land of Egypt, and led you forty years in the wilderness, to possess the land of the Amorite.

"And they lay themselves down beside every altar upon clothes taken in pledge; and in the house of their God, they drink the wine of such as have been fined. "They drink the wine of such as have been fined ..." Drinking liquor, however procured, and lying down on clothes taken in pledge (in order to commit fornication) in connection with worship are sufficient clues to determine who was being worshipped by such actions; and we do not think it was the God of heaven. . God's true house, in the mind of the Jews, was at Jerusalem; and although it was true enough that the apostate Israelites pretended to be worshipping their God, they were nevertheless not doing so, but worshipping idols instead. They despised the Nazarites and tempted them to drink, in violation of their sacred vows. 1. There can hardly be any doubt that "same maiden" in this place is a reference to idol worship, a conclusion required by the clause immediately following which connects the action with profaning God's name. It was an aggravation of the Jews' sin that it was not confined to preceding generations; the sins of the sons rivalled those of their fathers ( Matthew 23:32 , Acts 7:51 ) [CALVIN].

So Amaziah forbade Amos ( Amos 7:12 Amos 7:13 Amos 7:14 ).

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