RTI is a multi-year, multi-stage process—not a “wait to fail” system based on performance at a single point in time. Before students are … The discrepancy model assesses whether a substantial difference, or discrepancy, exists between a student’s scores on an individualized test of general intelligence (that is, an IQ test such as WISC-IV) and his or her scores obtained for one or more areas of academic achievement (e.g., the Woodcock-Johnson Achievement Test). 0000073619 00000 n The goal of Response to Intervention is to prevent academic failure through early identification, data collection and intervention. ���\��Ӹ���]��{�Z_�E�h� �����[�2�v�0�Y��g�pwz���EO/�QoRa��<7���ﴄY�J��� 0000003135 00000 n 0000094716 00000 n The study consisted of 160 general education (GE) teachers and 119 special education (SPED) teachers. The Experiences of ADHD in Childhood: “I Have Always Felt Different”, Jonathan Mooney: Still Telling It Like It Is, Ryan Haggerty: 2011 Youth Achievement Award Winner, Melissa Rey: 2010 Youth Achievement Award Winner, Michael T. Sullivan: Social Justice Advocate, 2014 Fred J. Epstein Youth Achievement Award Honorees, Ben Foss: Changing the Conversation About Dyslexia, Find Your Child’s Strengths and Interests, IEP Challenges: Smart with Behavior Issues, Allison Quirion: The Accidental Community Organizer, Your Childs Rights: Response to Intervention. The 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) prohibited states from requiring Local Education Agencies (LEA) to use the ability-achievement discrepancy model and authorized the use of alternative approaches to the identification of students with Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD). The discrepancy model is based on the concept of the normal curve. It should not be considered as medical, legal, technical or therapeutic advice, and is not intended to substitute for informed professional diagnosis, advice or therapy. 100 0 obj <> endobj 0000137372 00000 n According to the RTI Action Network, an organization designed to advance the program, RTI is "a multi-tiered approach to help struggling learners." 0000010647 00000 n General and special education interventions are closely aligned into a single, tightly integrated system, as all students are general education students first. %PDF-1.4 %����

Stephens & Schultz, 2016 (TCASE 2016) Pros of Discrepancy Approaches •Easy to apply and arguably efficient

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Is Your Child Having Social-Adjustment Problems? The following are core features of strong RTI (Mellard, 2003): 1. 0000003891 00000 n 0000003798 00000 n models such as RTI/XBA. 0000074194 00000 n 0000000496 00000 n

School districts are no longer required to use IQ testing as a basis for classification. 0000007961 00000 n

0000077903 00000 n •Each of these methods have features that help answer complex referral questions, however each of these methods have disadvantages related to comprehensiveness, efficiency, precision, and legal ramifications. ©Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities®, Inc., Westport, Connecticut, USA. With RTI instead of saying, “if there’s a disorder, let’s determine the educational need” it posits “there’s a problem here; let’s figure out why.” Instead of simply establishing educational need, specific barriers to learning are identified. endstream endobj 104 0 obj<> endobj 105 0 obj<> endobj 106 0 obj<> endobj 107 0 obj[/PDF/Text/ImageC] endobj 108 0 obj<> endobj 1 0 obj<>/ProcSet 107 0 R>>/Type/Page>> endobj 2 0 obj<>stream Is This Reading Intervention Right for My Child? 0 0000077488 00000 n 0000046580 00000 n Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities® is a registered trademark of Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities, Inc. SmartKidswithLD.org is the website of Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities, Inc., a non-profit organization dedicated to providing support to parents of children with learning disabilities and/or attention deficit disorders. Dr. Fletcher is a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of Houston and works on issues related to learning and attention problems. Students receive increasingly intensive and differentiated interventions, with the response to each intervention recorded. 0000091920 00000 n 10 Strategies for Managing Digital Devices. startxref 0000003932 00000 n <<58FA4FAF7D63564CA7C2344216A21E66>]>> 0000002994 00000 n ADHD Coaching: Can It Work for Your Child? 0000008697 00000 n 0000002240 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� was operationalized as a significant discrepancy between an individual’s achievement and their cognitive ability (Aaron 1997). 0000073026 00000 n trailer 0000094507 00000 n 0000003161 00000 n The study used a survey method to determine participants’ acceptance of the RTI model over the SD model. 0000074125 00000 n 0000002139 00000 n • Theoretical pros and cons • Practical pros and cons • Pitfalls. 0000010102 00000 n

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