“When it was mandated that the sale of alcohol would be stopped at supermarkets, they protested noisily. [301] Notable films in this period include Pengabdi Setan (1980), Nagabonar (1987), Tjoet Nja' Dhien (1988), Catatan Si Boy (1989), and Warkop's comedy films.

[261] Andalas University is pioneering the establishment of a leading university outside of Java. 5/1974 Concerning Basic Principles on Administration in the Region", "Putting Indigenous Papuans as the Leading Subject of Development", "DKI Jakarta, a City with a Provincial Status? [124] Other notable parties include the Party of the Functional Groups (Golkar), the Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra), the Democratic Party, and the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS). Indonesia serves as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council in 2019 and 2020. Liga 1 is the country's premier football club league. Mount Bromo, an active volcano in eastern Java, Indonesia. In observance of the Independence Day of the Republic of Indonesia, the Embassy of Indonesia is closed on August 17, 2017.

In 2016, the transport sector generated about 5.2% of GDP. Islam was introduced by Sunni traders of the Shafi'i fiqh, as well as Sufi traders from the Indian subcontinent and southern Arabian peninsula as early as the 8th century CE. [citation needed], Some regions, such as Kalimantan and Sumatra, experience only slight differences in rainfall and temperature between the seasons, whereas others, such as Nusa Tenggara, experience far more pronounced differences with droughts in the dry season, and floods in the wet. Thank you. They have had a significant impact on how other faiths are practised, evidenced by a large proportion of people—such as the Javanese abangan, Balinese Hindus, and Dayak Christians—practising a less orthodox, syncretic form of their religion.[238]. Driven, in part, by China’s seemingly aggressive use of the nine-dashed line to lay claim to large parts of the South China Sea, Indonesia’s military has embarked on a strategic shift from internal order to external defense and deterrence. [138] Today, it maintains close relations with its neighbours and is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the East Asia Summit. From a regional and global perspective, perhaps the most important has been recent developments in the South China Sea. [34], The first Europeans arrived in the archipelago in 1512, when Portuguese traders, led by Francisco Serrão, sought to monopolise the sources of nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in the Maluku Islands. Fax: 62-21- 727 898 34 [176] Jakarta has the most extended bus rapid transit system in the world, boasting some 251.2 kilometres (156.1 miles) in 13 corridors and ten cross-corridor routes. These principles are the foundation of Indonesia’s foreign policy, which is independent and active.
"Kropak 406; Carita Parahyangan dan Fragmen Carita Parahyangan", Makalah disampaikan dalam Kegiatan Bedah Naskah Kuna yang diselenggarakan oleh Balai Pengelolaan Museum Negeri Sri Baduga. Clockwise from top: A. They are clear on who can buy and who can drink alcohol but when Indonesia tries to regulate this, it is met with screams from one and all. [258] Parents can choose between state-run, non-sectarian schools or private or semi-private religious (usually Islamic) schools, supervised by the ministries of Education and Religion, respectively. People wear national and regional costumes during traditional weddings, formal ceremonies, music performances, government and official occasions,[293] and they vary from traditional to modern attire. Indonesia has various styles of clothing as a result of its long and rich cultural history. Its geographic location, together with its low-profile and pragmatic foreign policy, has minimized frictions with both its neighbors and its major trading partners. Clockwise from top: Indonesian Armed Forces. In the 1970s, Indonesia became the first developing country to operate a satellite system called Palapa,[195] a series of communication satellites owned by Indosat Ooredoo. The temples of Borobudur and Prambanan are among the most famous examples of the practice.[286]. [237] Examples of Indonesian native belief systems include the Sundanese Sunda Wiwitan, Dayak's Kaharingan, and the Javanese Kejawèn. [276], The cultural history of the Indonesian archipelago spans more than two millennia. Nevertheless, a centralized government and a common language have provided Indonesia with some sense of unity. [150] The military has possessed a strong political influence since its founding, which peaked during the New Order.

That figure is predicted to rise further by the end of the century. Indonesia lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status.

For the most part, Islam overlaid and mixed with existing cultural and religious influences, which shaped the predominant form of Islam in Indonesia, particularly in Java. We will be closed on June 3 – 7, 2019 in observance of Eid al-Fitr. Bromo, Mount. [55] The PKI was blamed for the coup and effectively destroyed. Apart form BIG Media, the group also offers BIG Services, which focus on services such as research, consultancy and event organizing. Sports are generally male-oriented, and spectators are often associated with illegal gambling. Despite often displaying local ingenuity, Indonesian arts have absorbed foreign influences—most notably from India, the Arab world, China and Europe, as a result of contacts and interactions facilitated, and often motivated, by trade. ", "Palm Oil and Land Acquisition in Indonesia: Implications for Local Communities and Indigenous People", "Evaluating Indonesia's Progress on its Climate Commitments", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22710912A94267053.en, "Extinction crisis escalates: Red List shows apes, corals, vultures, dolphins all in danger", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T19495A8925965.en, Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN International Affairs: Risk and Opportunity Multiplier, "Climate Change in Indonesia: Implications for Humans and Nature", "Report: Flooded Future: Global vulnerability to sea level rise worse than previously understood", "Jakarta, the fastest-sinking city in the world", "Indonesia: Climate Risk and Adaptation Country Profile", "Indonesia: General elections test the amended Constitution and the new Constitutional Court", "The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia", "Governor of Jakarta Receives His Party's Nod for President", "New election bill, new hope for democracy", "Explaining the 2019 simultaneous elections", "House Agrees on Creation of Indonesia's 34th Province: 'North Kalimantan, "Indonesia Law No. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of present-day Indonesia. Other courts include the Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi) that listens to constitutional and political matters and the Religious Court (Pengadilan Agama) that deals with codified Islamic Law (sharia) cases.

In the late 2010s, Jakarta and Palembang were the first cities in Indonesia to have rapid transit systems, with more planned for other cities in the future. [112] A majority of Indonesia's population lives in low-lying coastal areas,[111] including the capital Jakarta, the fastest-sinking city in the world. With its state-owned company, the Indonesian Aerospace (PT. [75] According to the country's Coordinating Ministry for Maritime and Investments Affairs, Indonesia has 17,504 islands (16,056 of which are registered at the UN),[76] scattered over both sides of the equator, around 6,000 of which are inhabited. It hands out the Citra Award, the film industry's most prestigious award. Email: maverick@maverick.co.id, Arif Budisusilo of Bisnis Indonesia: National Interest over Nationalism. Furthermore, in keeping with its role as an economic and cultural crossroads, the country is active in numerous international trade and security organizations, such as ASEAN, OPEC, and the UN. In common with most of the Muslim world, Indonesia does not have diplomatic relations with Israel and has actively supported Palestine. [208] The population density is 138 people per km2 (357 per sq mi), ranking 88th in the world,[209] although Java has a population density of 1,067 people per km2 (2,435 per sq mi). AMEC Virtual Global Summit 2020: Measurement frameworks, myths and new horizons. As president, Sukarno moved Indonesia from democracy towards authoritarianism and maintained power by balancing the opposing forces of the military, political Islam, and the increasingly powerful Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI). 16 of 2017 on Indonesian Sea Policy.This new decree was designed to “facilitate the acceleration” of Jokowi’s Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF) doctrine, launched at the East Asia Summit in 2014. [14] Indonesia is one of Coral Triangle countries with the world's most enormous diversity of coral reef fish with more than 1,650 species in eastern Indonesia only. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest one being the Javanese. The foreign policy of each nation is formulated on the basis of its national interest and it is always at … The shelf is bounded on the south and west by deep-sea trenches, such as the Java Trench (about 24,440 feet [7,450 metres] deep at its lowest point), which form the true continental boundary. [120][115] Beginning with 2015 local elections, elections for governors and mayors have occurred on the same date. “Our business is to sell information about the economy, business and supporting activities,” he said, adding that BIG Media is positioned to deliver these through multi-platforms. Many scholars consider the 1950s and 1960s to be the Golden Age of Indonesian Literature. Vikram Nehru is senior associate and Bakrie chair in Southeast Asian studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. [105] It also threatens the survival of indigenous and endemic species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) identified 140 species of mammals as threatened, and 15 as critically endangered, including the Bali starling,[106] Sumatran orangutan,[107] and Javan rhinoceros. [127] The second level is that of the regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota), led by regents (bupati) and mayors (walikota) respectively and a legislature (DPRD Kabupaten/Kota). On the inner (northern) side of the islands the volcanic mountains grade into swamps, lowlands, and the shallow Java Sea. The country’s effort to achieve national targets, such as the realization of the Archipelagic Principle and expansion of its export markets, should be continued. “If we did just that, then all we would do is to make businesses more anxious and worsen the situation.”. [98], British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described a dividing line (Wallace Line) between the distribution of Indonesia's Asian and Australasian species. Indonesia. [318] Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences such as Chinese, European, Middle Eastern, and Indian precedents. Department of Foreign Affairs.

The archipelago: its prehistory and early historical records, The arrival of Hindu religious conceptions, Growth and impact of the Dutch East India Company, The French and the British in Java, 1806–15, Indonesia from the coup to the end of the New Order, Economic crisis, public unrest, and the fall of Suharto, https://www.britannica.com/place/Indonesia, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Indonesia, Electric Scotland - Biography of James Renwick, Indonesia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Indonesia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In addition to refined and crude petroleum as the main imports, telephones, vehicle parts and wheat cover the majority of additional imports. Please click here to read more details. The invocation of the first principle of Indonesia's philosophical foundation, Pancasila (the belief in the one and only God) often serves as a reminder of religious tolerance,[254] though instances of intolerance have occurred.

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