As soon as you click on a highlighted link in the message (verifying that you are … Carrie’s teacher frequently reprimands her, and has to stand by her desk most of the day to keep her quiet. Using preventive strategies to manage challenging behavior requires planning on your part, but does have benefits: Evaluating your (or others’) responses to behavior, or what happens directly after the behavior occurs, also allows you the opportunity to affect whether or not the behavior “works” for the child. Choosing a more effective response, one that will reduce the likelihood of a challenging behavior occurring again, is a reactive strategy. Contact Dr. Graybill with inquires about positive behavior support training, PDF if this article is available at: Interventions — Preventive and Reactive Strategies, (Please designate Center for Leadership in Disability), Viewing the behavior deficit as a missing skill and identifying the underdeveloped executive skill will provide strategies for specific interventions., Georgia Developmental Disabilities Network, Georgia Inclusive Postsecondary Education Consortium, National Collaborative on Disability, Religion, & Inclusive Spiritual Supports, Inclusive Digital Expression and Literacy (IDEAL), PEERS® Clinic at Georgia State University Social Skills Intervention, Brief Behavior Questionnaire and Intervention Plan, Home and Community-based Positive Behavior Support, Project ECHO® at Georgia State University, Early Identification and Measurement / LTSAE, Maternal Child Health and Environmental Health, Complementary & Integrative Health Approaches, Using high interest materials during non-preferred tasks or activities, Practicing math problems on an iPadCompleting journal activities in a Spidermannotebook, Reducing the number of choresBreaking the reading selection into shorterchunks, Scheduling exercise or sensory activities into the daily routineAllowing a 2 minute break for every 15 minutesof homework completed, Provide a picture schedule of the morning routine for getting ready for schoolUsing red/green cue cards to signal when hand-flapping is okay, Strategic seating (away from a window, nearer tothe teacher)Dimming lights to reduce stimulation. Carrie’s teacher knows she is capable of doing the work, as she can complete it without help as long as the teacher is standing with her. Gaining access to this treasure trove of hundreds, perhaps thousands of strategies, tips, and interventions is a quick process. Read on to see the new strategies Carrie’s teacher decided to try. Carrie, age 11, has been struggling to complete her classwork, and is constantly talking to her classmates and calling out to her teacher. The behavior intervention plan tries to prevent bad behavior, not just punish the child. The teacher should take data as to the effectiveness of each intervention strategy and should share the … Once a trigger, or thing that “sets off” behavior has been identified, it may be possible to prevent it from happening, which, in turn, prevents the behavior from happening. Interventions — Preventive and Reactive Strategies, Dana Rooks, MEd & Emily Graybill, PhD, NCSP. Behavioral Interventions are essential for providing behavioral support to those students who display challenging behaviors. But if a child acts out over and over again, it can be hard for them (and their classmates) to learn in school. Examples of Positive Behavioral Intervention Strategies A child with challenging behavior who has an Individualized Education Program (IEP), should have positive behavioral interventions included to help reduce challenging behaviors and support the new behavioral skills to be learned through the IEP goals. Behavioral Intervention Strategies An important goal in education is for all students to be successful in school and in life. For example, if you know staying up late causes your teenager to slam doors and yell at his younger sister the next morning, insisting on an earlier bedtime may prevent those rough mornings. Positive behavior intervention strategies include designing routines, implementing silent signals, assigning tasks, and setting expectations. Interventions developed using this approach are based on manipulating or changing what is going on before and after the behavior occurs, either to prevent (or reduce the likelihood) that the behavior will occur, or to react in such a way that the behavior no longer “works” for the child. For example, if your typical response to your child refusing to clean her room is to eventually do it for her, the refusal will continue because it works – she gets to escape a task she doesn’t like. Dana Rooks, MEd, worked as the Positive Behavior Support Associate for the Center for Leadership in Disability at Georgia State University. Providing assistance after a child raises his hand instead of calling out.Giving a sticker for the behavior chart when the child brushes her teeth instead of crying. These preventive and reactive strategies are based on the concepts of triggers and responses. Intervention Strategies for Aggression: Hitting. You’ll then be asked to check your e-mail box for a message from When your child throws his blocks, say, “It’s not okay to throw blocks, but you can go outside and throw the ball.”, Keeps your interactions with the child more positive, as you are not having to address the behavior in the middle of a situation when emotions may be high, Gives the child more chances to practice appropriate behaviors and receive positive feedback, Is usually less disruptive to classroom or home routines. Carrie’s teacher tried to prevent the behavior by giving her some of the attention she wants before the activities that do not involve much interaction with others, and to react to the desired behavior (working quietly on her own) with attention from a classmate through a partnership. In the next article we will introduce you to Positive Behavior Videos, a free, online resource for families, educators, and community service providers focusing on using the positive behavior support model for dealing with challenging behavior. Not responding to a child until he raises his hand. Emily Graybill, PhD, NCSP, is a faculty member in the Center for Leadership in Disability at Georgia State University. These strategies help encourage positive behaviors from individuals while simultaneously suppressing negative behaviors. Giving a high-five after putting toys away.Saying, “Great job!” after completing a spelling activity. These strategies should be tried at each tier of the RTI process, as needed. When a child engages in aggression towards others, there may be a need to create a more restrictive learning environment. The positive behavior support process is a holistic approach to dealing with challenging behavior in that it considers not only the behavior itself, but also the circumstances and characteristics of the child exhibiting the behavior and the people and situations surrounding it. Interventions lead students to improved behavior so they can achieve success. Most kids get in trouble now and then at school. Read about Carrie – are the strategies being used by her teacher effective? Some triggers may not be preventable, but their impact could be lessened (e.g., a teacher may not be able to prevent a child from taking the seizure medication that makes her student sleepy – and therefore cranky — but she can schedule a break at the time she knows he will be his sleepiest). She has 10 years of experience in special education, in both instruction and identification of children with learning differences. Enter your name (or other identifier that you prefer) & e-mail address in the boxes below. Carrie’s teacher realizes her off-task behavior is probably her way of saying, “I want attention.”  Carrie’s teacher decides to give her extra attention prior to seated classroom activities by letting her pass out papers or materials as the “teacher helper” (preventive strategy), and letting her work with a partner for the last 5 minutes of the activity if she does the first part on her own (reactive strategy). Aggressive behavior is a common problem for many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). To help a child who struggles to behave, a school can put in place a formal plan. These interventions will teach the student how to change the problem behavior and recognize how to regulate the emotions related to this deficit. She currently trains educators around the state on individualized positive behavior supports. It is important to remember that these students have permanent neurological damage that will make changing behaviour difficult.

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