Iraqi law recognizes Kurdish, other languages. http://www.kurdishacademy.org/?q=node/3 Heller, M. (1999) Linguistic minorities and modernity: A sociolinguistic ethnography. Handbook of language and communication: Diversity and change (pp. Baluchi,

However, since then then the use of Kurdish has gradually increased as most of these restrictions have been lifted. Section 2 of the same article specifies the scope of the term "official language" and the provisions of this article note that the official gazette shall be published in both Arabic and Kurdish.

In 2008, after several meetings, the academy published the views of several well-known linguists and Kurdish academics. ),  An introduction to language and policy: Theory and method (pp. The second possibility, which is much more realistic and should be welcomed, is that the Academy may suggest that there is no need to declare any Kurdish variety as the official language for at least two reasons. Since the birth of the French Republic, most language policies have been informed by the nation-state ideology (henceforth NSI), which is used here to refer to the view that a nation must be congruent politically, culturally and linguistically. What we have is the concept, a discursive construct of such a language that at best refers to a group of speech varieties consisting of Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Sorani (Central Kurdish), and Gorani, Hawrami, and Zazaki (Southern Kurdish). [To truly implement the law], thousands of employees are needed. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights), Information about Kurdish | Hassanpour, A. The name Soranî Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism (Rev. Lawmakers have confirmed the importance of spreading "linguistic awareness" and bringing the various components of the country closer together.

Doctoral dissertation.

Wakhi, [4] In the Kurdish region, since 1992, Kurdish (the Sorani variety in particular, and Kurmanji in the Duhok province) has been the working language of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), schools and the media. If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. May, S. (2001). Linguistic hegemony and minority resistance. Istanbul: The ISIS Press.

In order to grant positive rights, however, it must be determined whether the speech variety in question is a “language” or a “dialect” (of Kurdish).

I will illustrate that opposing sides of recent debates on the linguistic rights of Hawrami speakers, and the plea for the officialization of Sorani, can be identified as linguistic ideologies that are traceable to language issues occurring in other places and throughout the modern times.

Copyright © Kurdish Academy of Language all rights reserved. They say, “The number of speakers of Hawrami is unknown, but is probably less than 100,000, possibly less than 50,000.”. The two officials also discussed the status of the airline within the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the Operational Safety Audit of which, or IOSA, Iraq is seeking to … Language planning and language rights. It was in this year that the Kurds achieved recognition in the Constitution via a single sentence noting that Arabs and Kurds are partners in the homeland.

alphabet. [18] Mackenzie (1961, p. 86). Most of these people are Sunni Muslims. Updates? The difficulty is conservative Kurdish nationalists do not tolerate linguistic diversity and by extension linguistic rights.

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