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John Garfield was born Jacob Julius Garfinkle on the Lower East Side of New York City, to Hannah Basia (Margolis) and David Garfinkle, who were Jewish immigrants from Zhytomyr (now in Ukraine). The former earned him a Best Actor Oscar nomination for his turn as the boxer who will do anything to be champion. 100%, Body and Soul Garfield’s acting in a supporting role to Gregory Peck in Gentleman’s Agreement (1947)—a film controversial at the time for its frank treatment of anti-Semitism—is regarded as one of his finest performances. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! It's a hot day. John Garfield was born Jacob Julius Garfinkle on the Lower East Side of New York City, to Hannah... Born: March 4, 1913 Died: May 21, 1952 (age 39) 100%, Madge Gorland

(From left) John Garfield, Gregory Peck, Dorothy McGuire, and Celeste Holm in. | His restless nature led him to live as a train-hopping vagrant during the early 1930s, but he returned to New York in 1932 and joined Eva Le Gallienne’s prestigious Civic Repertory Theatre. Birthplace: New York, New York, USA This member of the Group Theater entered films in … Also in 1947 Garfield made what remains one of his most popular films, as well as the film many critics regard as the greatest boxing melodrama of all time, Body and Soul (1947). | Garfield’s status as a cult hero was established with a series of classic films, most of them in the film noir genre, made during the late 1940s. I'll cool it off for you! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Frank Chambers Both of these films were produced by Enterprise Productions, which Garfield co-founded in an attempt to encourage work by humanist artists. says: Which of these people is not involved in making films? places. In 1939 he had been passed over for the lead in the film version of Golden Boy in favour of screen newcomer William Holden, but Body and Soul provided him with a similar role in a better film and earned him an Oscar nomination for best actor. Throughout the early 1940s, Garfield appeared in several successful films, including Saturday’s Children (1940), Castle on the Hudson (1940), The Sea Wolf (1941), and Tortilla Flat (1942). Garfield also became a target of red-baiters and was called before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1951 and labeled an uncooperative witness when he refused to name names. Garfield's background as a slum-raised child of immigrants helped contribute to his image as an anti-hero and he excelled at playing tough urban figures in socially conscious dramas such as "Body and Soul" (1947) and "Force of Evil" (1948).

Sexiest Female Movie Characters(1920s-1970s), Sexiest Male Movie Characters(1920s-1970s), Shelley Winters @ 100: Pete's Dragon (1977), Marrakech Honoree Bertrand Tavernier on How Hollywood Movies Influenced Him, Cinema's Exiles: From Hitler to Hollywood, Imaginary Witness: Hollywood and the Holocaust, Hollywoodism: Jews, Movies and the American Dream, Big Breakdowns: Hollywood Bloopers of the 1930s. 100% Garfield grew up in the poor Jewish section of New York City’s Lower East Side. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Updates? A mild heart attack kept the actor from military service during World War II; fully recovered, he entertained troops and appeared in several war-themed films, the best of which was Pride of the Marines (1945).

And that's a leather seat, and I got a thin skirt. A scholarship he won in a statewide New York Times-sponsored debating contest allowed him to attend the American Laboratory School, where he studied acting under Maria Ouspenskaya. With that troupe, and under the name of Jules Garfield, he made his Broadway debut with a small part in the play Lost Boy (1933). He learned to play the violin for his role as the gigolo-protégé of Joan Crawford in Humoresque (1946), his final film for Warner Bros. and, in the opinion of many critics, his best for the studio.

And that's a leather seat, and I got a thin skirt. 1952 says: In 1934 Garfield joined the Group Theatre, the legendary and highly influential theatre company founded by Harold Clurman, Lee Strasberg, and Cheryl Crawford. His success in these roles led to a contract with Warner Bros., for which Garfield appeared in his first film, the melodrama Four Daughters (1938). FilmExperience And that's a leather seat, and I got a thin skirt. Because of its metaphoric condemnation of the American business community, Force of Evil was seen as subversive in some quarters and resulted in the blacklisting of its director, Abraham Polonsky. Film Noir the Dark Side of Cinema II, 01 December 2019 With my brains and your looks, we could go An ordinary-looking fellow, his masculinity and self-confidence projected considerable sensuality and made him a credible leading man. Biography American actor John Garfield, when judged by looks and attitude alone, seemed more the pugnacious, defiant urban thug than one of Hollywood's most respected dramatic actors of … Despite a history of heart problems, many close to Garfield attributed his death from coronary thrombosis at age 39 to the stress of his House Committee ordeal. March 4, For even more, visit our Family Entertainment Guide. New York, New York, USA. says: |

Producer. And that's a leather seat, and I got a thin skirt.

This member of the Group Theater entered films in 1938, becoming an instant star with his performance in "Four Daughters" and brought a fiery intensity to a number of memorable roles over the next 15 years.

If somebody would come up to us and say, "Sign here. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Garfield, Turner Classic Movies - Biography of John Garfield, Hollywood Walk of Fame - Biography of John Garfield, Spartacus Educational - Biography of John Garfield, John Garfield - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1913 His brooding performance as a cynical young musician garnered considerable praise, as well as legions of female fans and an Oscar nomination for best supporting actor. All rights reserved. [on his past associations with "progressive" causes] Actors are emotional. It's a hot day. Looking for a movie the entire family can enjoy? Soundtrack | Get the freshest reviews, news, and more delivered right to your inbox! The steamy The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946) paired Garfield with Lana Turner for a classic tale of revenge and deception. (age 39) It's a hot day. Corrections?

Madge Gorland Garfield attracted critical and public attention with his starring roles in the Group Theatre’s productions of three Clifford Odets plays, Waiting for Lefty (1935), Awake and Sing!

Marrakech Honoree Bertrand Tavernier on How Hollywood Movies Influenced Him. Garfield’s final classic from this period was Force of Evil (1948), a seminal example of the film noir style, in which he portrayed a corrupt attorney. Street-gang involvement and numerous fistfights landed him in a reform school during his teen years, where he soon blossomed in forensic and athletic activities.

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