You endured so many hardships, and labored so much that your work resonates today in the hearts of hundreds of millions of Catholics. Serra's companions rushed to recover them, the only pair of spectacles Serra possessed. So why did Pope Francis just make him a saint? Spanish missionary efforts came to an end in the early 19th century, and their record was one of mixed success at best. They reported large populations of Indians living along the coast who seemed friendly and docile, ready to embrace the gospel. The commander, Gaspar de Portolá, tried to dissuade him from joining the expedition, and wrote to Gálvez about Serra's condition. He died on August 28, 1784 at the age of seventy-one after serving thirty-five years in the New World missions. While preaching of hell and damnation, Serra would sear his flesh with a four-pronged candle flame—emulating a famed Franciscan preacher, John of Capistrano. After receiving the last sacraments, he later died from the ordeal. The Mexica Movement, an indigenous separatist group that rejects European influence in the Americas,[149] protested Serra's canonization at the Los Angeles Cathedral in February 2015. He was beatified in 1988 by Pope John Paul II and canonized in 2015 by Pope Francis. "[65], The expedition still had 300 miles (480 kilometers) to travel to San Diego. [28], In 1749, Serra and the Franciscan missionary team landed in Veracruz, on the Gulf coast of New Spain (now Mexico). Learn how and when to remove this template message, Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Misión San Fernando Rey de España de Velicatá, Mission San Carlos Borromeo del Río Caramelo, List of monuments and memorials removed during the George Floyd protests § Junípero Serra, Saint Junípero Serra, patron saint archive, "Pope Francis celebrates Junipero Serra at Rome's North American College", "Pope Francis canonizes controversial saint", "Why Are Native Groups Protesting Catholicism's Newest Saint?

Applying to the colonial bureaucracy in Madrid, Serra requested that both he and Palóu embark on a foreign mission. Serra described the six-week voyage as "somewhat uncomfortable. He was given the religious name of Junípero in honor of Brother Juniper, who had been among the first Franciscans and a companion of Francis of Assisi. In one of his final visits to Petra, Serra found his younger sister Juana María near death.

[118] Tinker argues that it is more appropriate to judge the beatings and whippings administered by Serra and others from the point of view of the Native Americans, who were the victims of the violence, and who did not punish their children with physical discipline.

[150] The Huntington Library announcement of its 2013 exhibition on Serra made it clear that Serra's treatment of Native Americans would be part of the comprehensive coverage of his legacy.

Serra then devoted much of his time to teaching. Vila agreed to stay in the harbor until the relief ship arrived—and to welcome Serra and Crespí aboard if they got stranded by Portolá's departure. Founded twenty-one missions, converted thousands of Native Americans, and trained many of them in European methods of agriculture, cattle husbandry, and crafts.

It sailed past San Diego Bay, destined for Monterey. The next morning his leg was raw and bleeding. Sailing over 200 miles up the Gulf of California, they landed at Loreto two weeks later. Our Patron: St Junipero Serra 1718-1774 From a Philosopher in Mallorca, Spain, to a Professor at Mexico City and a missionary along the coast of California, Fr Junipero Serra had a remarkable faith journey. The natives appeared healthy, robust and friendly, immediately repeating the Spanish words they heard. According to Stephen Hyslop, "[Serra's] goal and that of his fellow friars was not to confirm Indians [sic] in their seeming innocence, like 'Adam in the garden, before sin', but to make them aware of their sins and move them to repent. [citation needed], He began in San Diego on July 16, 1769, and established his headquarters near the Presidio of Monterey, but soon moved a few miles south to establish Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo in today's Carmel, California.[20]. The Philippines are named after him. He didn't get along too well with some of the military people, you know.

He built eight more California missions over the next thirteen years. But he showed a special interest in visiting the local Franciscan friary at the church of San Bernardino within a block of the Serra family house. [156] Also in 2019, Stanford University’s other Serra House located in Lucie Stern Hall was renamed the Sally Ride House.

Despite the fact that, during his time as a missionary, St Junipero Serra had very little involvement with promoting priestly vocations, today it can only be considered providential that a holy priest who demonstrated such zeal for the salvation of souls would be chosen as the patron of our global vocations apostolate, considering that the primary focus of its work is fostering and promoting vocations to the holy priesthood and to supporting the sacred ministry of priests, those who spend and consume themselves for the salvation of souls. [104], On September 12, 2017, Santa Barbara police reported a statue of Serra located at southern California's Santa Barbara mission had been decapitated and covered with red paint. [97], In 1779, Franciscan missionaries under Serra's direction planted California's first sustained vineyard at Mission San Diego de Alcalá. Christian Pames sold their surplus products in nearby trading centers, under the friars' supervision to protect them from cheaters. They were places of death.". Where mission workers could dam small streams, they managed to grow wheat, corn, beans, fruits and cotton—always depending on the availability of water. Quick Facts Name Junipero Serra Occupation Missionary, Saint Birth Date c. November 24, 1713 Death Date c. August 28, 1784 Place of Birth Majorca, Spain

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[citation needed], While waiting to set sail, Serra wrote a long letter to a colleague back in Majorca, urging him to console Serra's parents—now in their 70s—over their only son's pending departure. [31] The two missionaries set about learning the Pame language from a Mexican who had lived among the Pames.

[133], Two members of California's Ohlone Tribe played roles in the canonization Mass by placing a relic of Serra's near the altar and reading a scripture in Chochenyo, a native language. [26], In 1748, Serra and Palóu confided to each other their desire to become missionaries. Experts estimate it was sometime between 1737 and 1739. Junípero Serra, letter to Francisco Palóu, April 16, 1770. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you.

A plaque in Old San Juan states (in Spanish) that Junípero Serra lived in this house in San Juan Bautista, Puerto Rico. [citation needed], On June 24, 1767, the Viceroy of New Spain, Carlos Francisco de Croix, read a Spanish royal decree to Mexico's archbishop and assembled church officials: "Repair with an armed force to the houses of the Jesuits. Junípero Serra y Ferrer, O.F.M.

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