By 1825, some of the present-day Latin American countries were independent. (See also Central America; North America; South America; West Indies (the Caribbean); Latin American art; Latin American architecture; Latin American dance; Latin American economic system; Latin American literature; Latin American music.). By and large, the countries in Latin America are still considered "developing" or "emerging" nations, with Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina comprising the largest economies. This is a list of South American countries by population based on the country population estimates published by the UN. Purchase all Operation World products here: The book, CD-ROM, book/CD-ROM combo pack, DVD-ROM, and wall map. Latin America is a region of the world that spans two continents, North America (including Central America and the Caribbean) and South America. It is located along the Earth's equator. Central America's most populous country by far, as well as its most linguistically diverse, is Guatemala, known for the richness of its Mayan culture. Latin America encompasses such other countries and territories as Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Guatemala, Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Paraguay, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Saint Martin and Saint Barthelemy. The culture in Colombia is diverse and varies between the interior, countryside, and coastal regions. Latin American countries and their capitals. In addition, its population is a result of an unprecedented history of transcontinental migration: after 1492, 60 million Europeans, 11 million Africans, and 5 million Asians arrived in the Americas.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is sometimes considered a geographic region that includes the entire Caribbean, i.e., all Western Hemisphere countries south of the United States, regardless of language spoken. It's also Latin America's second biggest economy. South America single states political map. Of Spain's two remaining colonies, Cuba gained its independence in 1898, at which time Spain ceded Puerto Rico to the U.S. in the Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American War. Contracting parties Non-Contracting Territory . The independence movements in Latin America began in the early 1800s.

Countries Alphabetically; Regions.

It has a relatively large indigenous population, specifically Aymara and Quechua speakers. The revolutions in North America and France further inspired rebellions. Notably, Argentina is known for the Tango dance which has gained popularity across the world. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Territory, National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs), FAO Regional Plant Protection and Production Officers, Current consultation on draft specifications for ISPMs, Current expert consultation on draft DPs (ECDP), Current consultations for CPM Recommendations, The Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols (TPDP), Technical Panel on Forest Quarantine (TPFQ), Technical Panel on Pest Free Areas and Systems Approaches for Fruit Flies (TPFF), Technical Panel for the Glossary of phytosanitary terms (TPG), Technical Panel on Phytosanitary Treatments (TPPT), IPPC Global Project on Capacity Development under the framework of the FAO-China South-South Cooperation Programme, STDF Rolling out Systems Approach Globally, IPPC National Phytosanitary Capacity Development Strategy, Calls on Implementation and Capacity Development Activities, Consultation on Implementation and Capacity Development Documents, Call for Topics: Standards and Implementation, Framework for Standards and Implementation, Model Instrument for Adherence to the IPPC, IPP Editor - Nomination Request for NPPOs, IPPC Official Contact Point notification form, National Pest Reporting through Regional Plant Protection Organizations, Countries List

The region comprises nearly 13% of the Earth’s total land surface area.

Brazil is by far the largest country in Latin America. Argentina occupies an area of 2,780,400 square kilometers and has a population of 43,417,000. It is defined by others as a region where a Romance language (Spanish, Portuguese, or French) predominates, or as the countries with a history of Iberian (Spanish and Portuguese) colonialism. Nearly 7.6 million members of the population live in Bogota alone, which is the capital city of Colombia. Panama, the southernmost country in Central America, has historically had a very close relationship with the U.S., particularly because of the history of the Panama Canal.

It is known for its mountainous topography and relatively large indigenous population.

One in which the poor should be afforded the basic necessities of life such as good food and water, decent housing, and … Central America's largest country in terms of surface area is Nicaragua. Argentina is South America's second largest and third most populous country, after Brazil and Colombia. Culturally and linguistically, the Dominican Republic has much in common with Cuba and Puerto Rico. Costa Rica is located between Nicaragua and Panama. Most people in the region speak Spanish or Portuguese.

These resources are exported and contribute largely to the country’s GDP. Royal Spanish Academy – Diccionario de la lengua española (2019).

Definition and List of Countries. Rio de Janeiro, one of the largest cities in Brazil, is a tourism hot spot.

It stretches out to cover an area of 8,515,767 square kilometers and has a population of 205,573,000 people. Visit the FAO Legal website for details.

(See also Central America; North America; South America; West Indies (the Caribbean); Latin American art; Latin American architecture; Latin American dance; Latin American economic system; Latin American literature; Latin American music.) It is also the poorest country in Central America and the second poorest in the region. Latin America is a region constituted by South and Central American countries. Rank Country (or dependent territory) July 1, 2015 projection % of pop. There are 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean today, according to the United …

Your email address will not be published. The country is blessed with natural resources which are exported such as petroleum, nickel, iron ore, natural gas, coal, and gold. Latin America includes all the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking nations located to the south of the United States. Latin America is a region of the world that spans two continents, North America (including Central America and the Caribbean) and South America. Latin American countries (list and map) Countries by GDP per capita (2019) Countries by population (2019) Which countries officially speak Spanish? This is an alphabetically ordered list of countries in Latin America. There are some other languages spoken by a small percentage of the people who are mostly immigrants and indigenous people. At the forefront of these movements were people who had been exposed to the Enlightenment and were opposed to Spain’s many restrictions.

Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! This is an alphabetically ordered list of countries in Latin America. Around 40% of the population speaks an indigenous language as their mother tongue. Growth rate, median age, fertility rate, area, density, population density, urbanization, urban population, share of world population. Despite being the only North American country that is part of Latin America, Mexico is one of the region's largest and most important nations. Like the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, the indigenous population was virtually eliminated in Cuba, and the primary type of racial mixture was between Africans and Europeans. Colombia’s national symbols include the Andean Condor bird, and the Orchid, which is the national flower.

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