Gas-fired capacity grows in most markets for reliability purposes and battery storage skyrockets. In our projection for 2020, global electricity demand would fall 5%, with 10% reductions in some regions. Nuclear power would rebound to nearly match 2019 output over the course of 2020. The resulting shift in the mix of final energy demand over time reflects the continuous optimization of China's energy consumption structure. After correcting for weather effects, full lockdowns have reduced daily electricity demand by at least 15% in France, India, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom and the US northwest. In the European Union, the share of renewables in electricity generation picked up in weeks following the onset of lockdown measures, in part due to lower demand, driving coal and gas out of the power mix. Coal-fired generation would be squeezed the most over the year, falling 10% in 2020. Global electricity generation was 2.6% lower in Q1 2020 than in Q1 2019. Global electricity demand decreased by 2.5% in Q1 2020, though lockdown measures were in place for less than a month in most countries.

Full lockdown measures pushed down electricity demand by 20% or more, with smaller effects for partial lockdowns. Keep up to date with our latest news and analysis by subscribing to our regular newsletter. Gas-fired generation would also be hit hard, sinking by about 7% for the year, the largest declines on record. Demand in the construction and manufacturing industry (which made up 68% of total demand in 2019) decreased by 12%. Gas-fired generation increased by 4%, buoyed by low prices for natural gas in markets around the world. Across the most affected economies of the European Union, average weekday electricity demand for services declined considerably as March progressed. Fossil fuel energy consumption (% of total) Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2017 PPP) Combustible renewables and waste (% of total energy) Electricity production from oil sources (% of total) Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh)

You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of any IEA newsletter. Many factories have been able to continue operations by applying precautionary measures to protect workers. Providing electricity access for the first time to 530 million people accounts for just 2% of demand growth.

Renewables-based generation increased by 3%, mainly because of a double-digit percentage increase for wind power and a jump in solar photovoltaic (PV) output from new projects over the past year. The EU is missing its 2020 target for electricity cross-border capacity, EU countries need to strengthen energy efficiency efforts to reach targets, Switzerland's final energy consumption slightly increased in 2019. In the United States, the decline of coal-fired generation accelerated in the weeks after lockdown measures were initiated. In Italy, the hardest-hit country in Europe, declines reached 75% relative to the same period in 2019. In the Stated Policies Scenario, global power sector investment totals $20 trillion over the period to 2040, on average this is 20% higher than annual spending from 2010 to 2018. Their electricity demand growth was already slowing and they are both suffering significantly from the Covid‑19 crisis. This rising trend was offset by continued energy efficiency and substitution effects. Residential electricity demand has increased in most economies as a result of lockdown measures. Low-carbon sources would be six percentage points ahead of coal, after having taken the lead in 2019. This raises electricity’s share in total final energy consumption from 19% in 2018 to 24% in 2040. Wind and solar power are set to increase in any case because of new projects that have been built over the past year, lifting their share of generation to nearly 9% in 2020, twice as high as in 2015. The share of renewables in electricity supply neared 28% in Q1 2020, up from 26% in Q1 2019. We expect global electricity demand to fall by 5% in 2020. Thank you for subscribing. According to the European Union (EU) Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), the amount of cross-border capacity available for trade among Member States remains insufficient to meet the minimum EU target of 70% by 2020. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of any IEA newsletter. Primary energy intensity fell in all Member States between 2005 and 2018; however, it grew in Denmark, Estonia and Luxemburg in recent years (between 2015 and 2018). Find out about the world, a region, or a country, Find out about a fuel, a technology or a sector, Explore the full range of IEA's unique analysis, Search, download and purchase energy data and statistics, Search, filter and find energy-related policies, Shaping a secure and sustainable energy future, Clean Energy Ministerial Hydrogen Initiative, Clean Energy Transitions in Emerging Economies, Global Commission for Urgent Action on Energy Efficiency.

On average we find that every month of full lockdown reduced demand by 20% on average, or over 1.5% on an annual basis. According to the Swiss government, final energy consumption in Switzerland slightly increased in 2019 (+0.3%) due to cooler temperatures, economic growth (+0.9%), demographic growth (+0.7%) and increasing fleet of motor vehicles (+0.8%). Decarbonised electricity, in addition, could provide a platform for reducing CO2 emissions in other sectors through electricity-based fuels such as hydrogen or synthetic liquid fuels.

Access to the most comprehensive and up-to-date database on energy supply, demand, prices and GHG emissions (186 countries). Renewables would reach the highest level in terms of output and share, with new projects more than compensating for lower nuclear power output. China was the first to implement containment measures, in mid-January, and experienced the world’s largest demand reduction in Q1 2020, of 6.5%. Power plants and networks remain the bedrock of power system flexibility, and demand-side response has huge potential. Contribution of BRICS to the global increase in power consumption between 2010 and 2019. IEA (2019), World Energy Outlook 2019, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/world-energy-outlook-2019. Overall, US coal-fired generation in Q1 2020 was down by one-third on Q1 2019, squeezed by lower demand, cheap gas and 20% increases in wind and solar PV output. Demand reductions have lifted the share of renewables in electricity supply, as their output is largely unaffected by demand.

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