[5] The nutritional differences between the sweet and the tart or sour cherries are displayed at the general page for the fruit. The hybrids then stabilised and interbred to form a new, distinct species. Its sour pulp is edible. In England, their cultivation was popularised in the 16th century in the time of Henry VIII. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. As with sweet cherries, Morellos are traditionally cultivated by budding onto strong growing rootstocks, which produce trees too large for most gardens, although newer dwarfing rootstocks such as Colt and Gisella are now available. Trees will do badly if waterlogged, but have greater tolerance of poor drainage than sweet varieties. The tree is smaller than the sweet cherry (growing to a height of 4–10 m), has twiggy branches, and its crimson-to-near-black cherries are borne upon shorter stalks. This is also the time when any required pruning should be carried out (note that cherries should not be pruned during the dormant winter months). Before the Second World War there were more than fifty cultivars of sour cherry in cultivation in England; today, however, few are grown commercially, and despite the continuation of named cultivars such as ‘Kentish Red’, ‘Amarelles’, ‘Griottes’ and ‘Flemish’, only the generic Morello is offered by most nurseries. [14], "Amarelle" redirects here. Before the Second World War there were more than fifty cultivars of sour cherry in cultivation in England; today, however, few are grown commercially, and despite the continuation of named cultivars such as 'Kentish Red', 'Amarelles', 'Griottes' and 'Flemish', only the generic Morello is offered by most nurseries. [10], Some cultivars of sour cherry trees, such as Montmorency and North Star, have been documented to perform better than other cherry trees in Colorado's Front Range region. In the Americas, by 1704 the Vestry of New Kent County, Virginia recorded "The DePriest of Kent" planted 354 acres of Prunus cerasus along the Pamunkey River as the 'Kent' variety, that spawned other Virginia colonists throughout Richmond to plant sour cherry trees, 'Early Richmond' variety or 'Kentish Red', when they arrived.[8]. This small tree is ideal for smaller gardens and can be used to make kirsch. Dried sour cherries are used in cooking including soups, pork dishes, cakes, tarts, and pies. When harvesting fruit, they should be cut from the tree rather than risking damage by pulling the stalks. Sour cherries require similar cultivation conditions to pears, that is, they prefer a rich, well-drained, moist soil, although they demand more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. In summer, fruit should be protected with netting. 'Morello' _ 'Morello' is an upright, deciduous fruit tree with ovate to oblong, toothed, dark green leaves turning orange and red in autumn and nodding, white flowers in spring followed by large, glossy, edible, sour, dark red fruit ready for harvest in mid- to late summer. For other uses, see, illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen 1897, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://www.oakgov.com/msu/Documents/publications/oc0089_cherries.pdf, "Finally, a list of trees that thrive along Colorado's Front Range", "Growing cherries on the Colorado Front Range", "Major Food And Agricultural Commodities And Producers – Countries By Commodity", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_cerasus&oldid=985786102, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, * = Unofficial figure | [ ] = Official data | A = May include official, semi-official or estimated data, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 23:09. plant in late fall 2016 in Brugge, BE. Morello cherry trees fruit on younger wood than sweet varieties, and thus can be pruned harder. In Britain, their cultivation was popularised in the 16th century in the time of. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in July. Prunus cerasus austera is a deciduous Tree growing to 9 m (29ft 6in). They are usually grown as standards, but can be fan trained, cropping well even on cold walls, or grown as low bushes. Unlike most sweet cherry varieties, sour cherries are self fertile or self pollenizing (sometimes inaccurately referred to as self-pollinating). Sour cherries suffer fewer pests and diseases than sweet cherries, although they are prone to heavy fruit losses from birds. For the Spanish beach footballer, see, "Sour cherry" redirects here. Cultivated sour cherries were selected from wild specimens of Prunus cerasus and the doubtfully distinct P. acida from around the Caspian and Black Seas, and were known to the Greeks in 300 BC. Morello cherry. Prunus cerasus 'Morello'. ­­­Multiple synonyms exist for this species, including Cerasus vulgaris Mill. Cultivars of this species were being grown in the 16th century, and it is one of the parents of the Morello Cherry. The sour cherry tree is smaller than the sweet cherry tree (Prunus avium) and is more tolerant of temperature extremes. A particular use of sour cherries is in the production of kriek lambic, a cherry-flavored variety of a naturally fermented beer made in Belgium. They are usually grown as standards, but can be fan trained, cropping well even on cold walls, or grown as low bushes.[9]. Prunus cerasus 'Morello' Other names. The hybrids then stabilized and interbred to form a new, distinct species. In Iran, Turkey, Greece and Cyprus, sour cherries are especially prized for making spoon sweets by slowly boiling pitted sour cherries and sugar; the syrup thereof is used for sharbat-e Albalou, vişne şurubu or vyssináda, a beverage made by diluting the syrup with ice-cold water. In Turkey, Greece and Cyprus, sour cherries are especially prized for making spoon sweets by slowly boiling pitted sour cherries and sugar; the syrup thereof is used for vişne şurubu or vyssináda, a beverage made by diluting the syrup with ice-cold water. Pollination; In areas where pollinators are scarce, growers find that stocking beehives in orchards improves yields. Dried sour cherries are used in cooking including soups, pork dishes, cakes, tarts, and pies. [11][12], Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)[13]. It is closely related to the sweet cherry (Prunus avium), but has a fruit that is more acidic. It is self-fertile, and would be a good pollenizer for other varieties if it did not flower so late in the season. As with sweet cherries, Morellos are traditionally cultivated by budding onto strong growing rootstocks, which produce trees too large for most gardens, although newer dwarfing rootstocks such as Colt and Gisella are now available. The plant is self-fertile. During spring, flowers should be protected, and trees weeded, mulched and sprayed with natural seaweed solution. They were also extremely popular with Persians and the Romans who introduced them into Britain long before the 1st century AD. Sour cherries require similar cultivation conditions to pears, that is, they prefer a rich, well-drained, moist soil, although they demand more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. [6], Prunus cerasus, a tetraploid with 2n=32 chromosomes, is thought to have originated as a natural hybrid between Prunus avium and Prunus fruticosa in the Iranian Plateau or Eastern Europe where the two species come into contact. Prunus cerasus – Morello Cherry. Trees will do badly if waterlogged, but have greater tolerance of poor drainage than sweet varieties. For its popularity is its use in baking and recipe creation planted, rather than risking damage by the! 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