. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : 191 (trans. (3) Dionysus Wrath: Pentheus (phantom beasts, mother driven mad, hallucinations) Dionysus appears in an infinite number of stories and was an appreciated god among the Greeks. 4. For MYTHS of Dionysos as teacher of viticulture and winemaking see: He interpreted the dream as referring to Sophokles and his poetry, and down to the present day men are wont to liken to a Seiren whatever is charming in both poetry and prose. 56; Eurip. (5) Dionysus Wrath: Minyades (phantom beasts & music) Dionysus was a Greek god and one of the Twelve Olympians who lived on Mount Olympus. "But dainty Bacchus [Dionysos] does not blush to sprinkle with perfume his flowing locks, nor in his soft hand to brandish the slender thrysus, when with mincing gait he trails his robe gay with barbaric gold. . (2) Dionysus & the Giant Typhoeus (god dismembered by the Giant) . 111 ff : Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) ; Apollod. ", Plato, Cratylus 400d & 406b (trans. When he had planted the vine, and by careful tending with a pruning-knife had made it flourish. The earliest is in a single quoted line from the (6th century BC?) The pieces were then boiled, roasted and partially eaten, by the Titans. to 2nd A.D.) : Isis, Osiris' wife, hunted down and killed the Titans, reassembled Osiris' body parts "into the shape of a human figure", and gave them "to the priests with orders that they pay Osiris the honours of a god". Hence some of the Greeks too follow suit and call the cry sabasmos; thereby Dionysos [becomes] Sabazios. The fifth [the Theban Dionysos] is the son of Nisus [Zeus] and Thyone [Semele], and is believed to have established the Trieterid festival. Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. [25], The 1st century BC historian Diodorus Siculus says that according to “some writers of myths” there were two gods named Dionysus, an older one, who was the son of Zeus and Persephone,[26] but that the “younger one [born to Zeus and Semele] also inherited the deeds of the older, and so the men of later times, being unaware of the truth and being deceived because of the identity of their names thought there had been but one Dionysus. 21. Illusion Casting 6. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) ", Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 1. Campbell, Vol. 4 (trans. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) Dionysus, the ivy-crowned sensuous god of wine and ecstasy, has in him the rapturous beauty, the wandering madness and the frenzied pleasures of wine and insane revelry, all imbibed at once. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. ", Suidas s.v. ", Suidas s.v. ], Statius, Silvae 2. ", Virgil, Georgics 2. [51] In this account this Dionysus was a wise man, who was the inventor of the plough, as well as many other agricultural inventions. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) In Greek mythology Dionysus is the god of wine, grape harvesting, fertility, winemaking, theater, and religious happiness. : [35] None of these sources mention any actual eating, but other sources do. 29e (trans. . Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : What is the Greek city where Hercules slew the... Where did the gods live in Greek mythology? . ", Euripides, Bacchae 420 ff : 67 (trans. (3) Dionysus Loves: Polymnus (a man the god agrees to have sex with in return for his help in finding an entrance to the underworld), Herodotus, Histories 2. and Ikarios received Dionysos, who gave him a vine-cutting and taught him the art of making wine. "They [The legendary prophet Apollonios of Tyana C1st A.D. and his companions] were now in land subject to the king [of India], in which the mountain of Nysa rises covered to its very top with plantations, like the mountain of Tmolos in Lydia; and you can ascend it, because paths have been made by the cultivators. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : His Roman name was Bacchus. He oversaw all things connected to a good time, from wine itself to the parties it fuelled. "The [god identified with Dionysos] father of the third [Phrygian Sabazios] is Cabirus; it is stated that he was king over Asia, and the Sabazia were instituted in his honour. How many years there were between . to C1st A.D.) : 4. The Zagreus from the Euripides fragment is suggestive of Dionysus, the wine god son of Zeus and Semele,[12] and in fact, although it seems not to occur anywhere in Orphic sources, the name “Zagreus” is elsewhere identified with an Orphic Dionysus, who had a very different tradition from the standard one. : Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Orphic Hymn 53 to Amphietus (trans. Gullick) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 2. "Abromios (Bromios-less, Bromius-less) : Without wine. : Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 3. . 428) (trans. Ganos (quoting Greek Anthology 6. 22. . However the boy's sister Minerva (Athena), who had been part of the murder plot, kept the heart. ", See God of Wine-Making & Viticulture (above), Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 3. says that Sabazios is the son of Dionysos. "Bacchus [the grape-vine] loves open hills, and the yew tree [over which vines were grown] the cold of the North Wind. Dionysus, known as Bacchus to the Romans, was the Greek god of the vine. Dionysus or Dionysos is the god of the grape-harvest, winemaking and wine, of fertility, orchards and fruit, vegetation, insanity, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, festivity and theatre in ancient Greek religion and myth. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : Herodotus, Histories 2. "The Katakekaumene (Burnt Up) country [in Lydia or Mysia] . ", Aelian, Historical Miscellany 3. Euboulos makes Dionysos say : ‘Three bowls only do I mix for the temperate--one toe health, which they empty first, the second to love and pleasure, the third to sleep. 1 (trans. "As Multiform as Dionysus: New Perspectives on Nonnus’ Dionysiaca". . . ", Herodotus, Histories 2. . ", For MYTHS of Dionysos as the god of cross-dressing see: ", Herodotus, Histories 3. the last of them to rule the country was Osiris' son Horus, whom the Greeks call Apollon; he deposed Typhon [Set], and was the last divine king of Egypt. According to Euripides, ‘the revel brings blows, insult, and outrage,’ whence some declare that Dionysos and Hybris (Violence) were born at the same time. : Statius, Silvae 2. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) . 123 (trans. ", Hesiod, The Shield of Heracles 398 ff : (1) Dionysus Favour: the Bacchides (his wine-producing sons), Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 1. Hesiod, Works and Days 609 ff (trans. In: This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 22:09. ", Anacreon, Fragment 357 : ", Oppian, Cynegetica 4. 42 (trans. 4) : Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 1. ", Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 2. Near it he also built an altar to the [water] Nymphai to remind devotees of the mixing; for the Nymphai [Naiade, fresh-water nymphs] are said to be the nurses of Dionysos. make prolific the holy fruits thy care. From bora (food) comes borimos, and by metathesis bromios. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. ], I believe, makes Dionysos mention several varieties [of wine] : ‘Because of Mendaian the gods actually wet their soft beds. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Seneca, Oedipus 418 ff (trans. And this is what they called the second of the month. "This land will some day yield you the hardiest of vines, streaming with the rich flood of Bacchus; this is fruitful in the grape, and in the juice we offer from bowls of fold, when the sleek Etruscan has blown his ivory horn beside the altar, and on bellied platters we present the steaming meat of sacrifice. . [55], However, according to one source, from the fate of the Titans came a momentous event, the birth of humankind. Bacchus has even given occasion for offence. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) : ", Plato, Laws 664b (trans. . ", Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 2. says that dark wine originated among the Khians, and that they were the first to learn how to plant and tend vines from Oinopion, son of Dionysos, who also was the founder of that island-state; and they transmitted it to other peoples. Hither turn with favour thy virginal face; with thy star-bright countenance drive away the clouds, the grim threats of Erebus, and greedy fate [i.e. 5-6 & 6. Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : Suidas s.v. 36d (trans. Zeus intended Dionysus to be his successor as ruler of the cosmos, but a jealous Hera incited the Titans to kill the child. There is no inherent limit to the powers of bellowing Dionysus. He was the only Olympic god that had one parent that was a mortal (his mother Semele). His attributes included the thyrsos a pine-cone tipped staff , a drinking cup and a crown of ivy. "I swear by the cluster-bearing delight of Dionysos' vine. ", Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. In a fragment from one of Aeschylus' lost Sisyphus plays (c. 5th century BC), Zagreus seems to be the son of Hades,[9] while in Aeschylus' Egyptians (Aigyptioi), Zagreus was apparently identified with Hades himself. ", Suidas s.v. ", Herodotus, Histories 7. ", Herodotus, Histories 2. Wilson) (Greek rhetorician C2nd to 3rd A.D.) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. He acquired this form of address from the rite pertaining to him; for the barbarians call the bakkhic cry sabazein. : Campbell, Vol. According to Hyginus, Zeus "ground up his heart, put it in a potion, and gave it to Semele to drink", and she became pregnant with Dionysus. 191 (trans. . In many cases, mortals that crossed Dionysus often went insane. Dionysus traveled more time than being home in order to escape Hera's harrasment. Dithyrambos (trans. 189 ff : But when a man has reached the age of forty, he may join in the convivial gatherings and invoke Dionysos, above all other gods, inviting his presence at the rite (which is also the recreation) of the elders, which he bestowed on mankind as a medicine potent against the crabbedness of old age, that thereby we men may renew our youth, and that, through forgetfulness of care, the temper of our souls may lose its hardness and become softer and more ductile, even as iron when it has been forged in the fire. ", Pliny the Elder, Natural History 4. ", Suidas s.v. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Dionysus was the god of fertility and wine, later considered a patron of the arts.He created wine and spread the art of viticulture. : Suidas s.v. Dragmata (quoting Greek Anthology 6. : "The inhabitants [of the town of Priapos in Mysia] felt an impulse to worship the god [Priapos] because he was called the son of Dionysos and a Nymphe; for their country is abundantly supplied with the vine, both theirs and the countries which border next upon it, I mean those of the Parianoi and the Lampsakenoi. Nature Manipulation 2. They say that those who celebrate the mysteries reveal them in the Phrygian language; from which it comes that Sabazios is Dionysos. Priapos (quoting Greek Anthology 6. 29 : Mair) (Greek poet C3rd A.D.) : 38e : [8], And apparently for Aeschylus, Zagreus was, in fact, an underworld god. ], Suidas s.v. ", Euripides, Bacchae 275 ff (trans.

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