Inaugural address of President Donald Trump. The oath is administered to the vice president first.

That year was also the first in which floats were part of the parade. It is true that Trump stunned the political establishment in 2016 by winning an election many experts believed was firmly in the hands of Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Franklin D. Roosevelt's fourth inauguration, Second inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt, second inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt, Oath of office of the President of the United States, Oath of office of the Vice President of the United States, First inauguration of Barack Obama (January 20, 2009), Four ruffles and flourishes played before "Hail to the Chief", 3rd United States Infantry Regiment "The Old Guard". Events (Inaugurations) sort alphabetically by president's last name. A similar Sunday exception and move to Monday is made around this date as well (which happened in 1957, 1985, and 2013). In 1985 and 2013 these ceremonies were televised. Federal law enforcement agencies also sometimes request assistance from various other state and local law-enforcement agencies throughout the United States. The most recent presidential inauguration ceremony was held on January 20, 2017, when … But if Trump loses, is removed from office or decides not to run for re-election, the next president would take office on Wednesday, Jan. 20, 2021. However, due to disagreements with the state over COVID-19 social distancing rules, the highly attended speeches and celebration phase of the convention was moved to Jacksonville, Florida, despite spiking COVID-19 infection rates in the state.

Improvements in mass media technologies have allowed presidents to reach substantially greater numbers of their constituents. The Joint Task Force National Capital Region, composed of service members from all branches of the United States Armed Forces, including Reserve and National Guard components, is responsible for all military support to ceremonies and to civil authorities for the inaugural period (in 2017, January 15–24). A ceremony to mark the commencement of a new four-year term of the president of the United States, *Extraordinary (intra-term) inaugurations. John Adams' 1797 address, which totaled 2,308 words, contained the longest sentence, at 737 words.

This happened on four occasions, in 1821, 1849, 1877, and 1917. Since the 1797 inauguration of John Adams, it has become customary for the new president to be sworn into office by the Supreme Court's chief justice. [48], Grover Cleveland’s 1885 inaugural parade lasted three hours and showcased 25,000 marchers.

In 1869, Andrew Johnson was angrily conducting a cabinet meeting even as his successor, Ulysses S. Grant, was being inaugurated.

The official medals have been struck by private mints ever since. In fact, contemporary inaugural celebrations typically span 10 days, from five days before the inauguration to five days after. 18. Following the arrival of the presidential entourage to the White House, it is customary for the president, vice-president, their respective families and leading members of the government and military to review an inaugural parade from an enclosed stand at the edge of the North Lawn, a custom begun by James Garfield in 1881. At about that time, the president recites the constitutionally mandated oath of office: I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. The outgoing president customarily attends the president-elect's inauguration. Immediately afterwards, the United States Marine Band will perform four ruffles and flourishes, followed by Hail, Columbia. What the President Does on His Last Day in Office.

When it did, the public inauguration ceremony would take place on Monday, March 5. Trump doesn’t meet President-elect Joe Biden and his wife in the White House driveway, nor does he attend the inauguration on Capitol Hill. Obama did the same for Trump. Barack Obama was the first non-white president of the United States, and the world is still waiting to see the election of a female or non-Christian president. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush hosted President-Elect Barack Obama and his wife, as well as Vice President-Elect Joe Biden, for coffee in the Blue Room of the White House before the noon inauguration in 2009. [56] Saint-Gaudens' practice of creating a portrait sculpture of the newly elected president is still used today in presidential medal creation. By tradition, the outgoing president and vice president do not attend. [6] In 1909, William H. Taft's inauguration was moved to the Senate Chamber due to a blizzard. [8], Prior to Inauguration Day, the president-elect will name a Presidential Inaugural Committee. Most presidents are highly educated, wealthy, white, male, Christian, and married, not to mention a member of one of the two major political parties.
But it is also true that Americans are fairly reluctant to elect consecutive presidents from the same political party. The 58 inauguration ceremonies marking the start of a new four-year presidential term of office and also the nine marking the start of a partial presidential term following the intra-term death or resignation of an incumbent president are listed in the table below. [33] (Full text ), Since 1937, the ceremony has incorporated one or more prayers. Gold medals were to be produced as gifts for the president, vice president, and committee chair; silver medals were to be created and distributed among Inauguration Committee members, and bronze medals would be for sale for public consumption. The 2020 Republican National Convention on August 24 to 27 was originally scheduled to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina. [47] That parade was held as breaking news spread across Washington, D.C. and the rest of the nation that the 52 American hostages held in Iran for the previous 444 days had been released. When Does the Next President Take Office?

Over the years, various traditions have arisen that have expanded the inauguration from a simple oath-taking ceremony to a day-long event, including parades and multiple social gatherings. John Kasich, Senators Tom Cotton, and Ben Sasse, and former Massachusetts Gov. John Adams, still smarting over the outcome of the election of 1800, did not remain in Washington to witness the inauguration of Thomas Jefferson, his successor. Impeached Presidents of the United States, What the President Does on the Last Day in Office, History and Events of the Presidential Inauguration, All the Women Who Have Run for President of the US, Biography of Joe Biden, Former Vice President of the United States, Importance of the US Presidential Primaries. However, by the time the Iowa caucuses kicked off the primary season on February 3, 2020, the field had decreased to 11 major candidates. [18] Traditionally, the president-elect arrives at the White House and proceeds to the inaugural grounds at the United States Capitol with the incumbent president. Bernie Sanders withdrew on April 8, 2020, leaving Joe Biden as the presumptive nominee.

Saint-Gaudens's obsession with perfection resulted in a forestalled release and the medals were distributed after the actual inauguration. [12] More recently, Woodrow Wilson did not attend Warren G. Harding's 1921 inauguration (though he rode to the Capitol with him), nor did Richard Nixon attend Gerald Ford's 1974 inauguration (having left Washington, D.C., prior to his resignation taking effect). The way inauguration ceremony events are communicated to the public has changed over the years with each advance in technology. [17], There is no requirement that any book, or in particular a book of sacred text, be used to administer the oath, and none is mentioned in the Constitution. President Trump did not hold another campaign rally until June 13, 2020, in Tulsa, Oklahoma. "Poet for the New America,". [26] In 1853, Franklin Pierce affirmed the oath of office rather than swear it.

Beginning with George Washington, there has been a traditional association with Inauguration festivities and the production of a presidential medal. To facilitate a quick presidential transition under extraordinary circumstances, the new president takes the oath of office in a simple ceremony and usually addresses the nation afterward. Inauguration Day occurs in the USA once every four years on January 20.

Others have administered the oath on occasions when a new president assumed office intra-term due to the incumbent's death or resignation. Saint Gardens' design, executed by Adolph A. Weinman, was cast by Tiffany & Company and was proclaimed an artistic triumph. The parade, which proceeds along the 1.5 miles of Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the stand and the Front Lawn in view of the presidential party, features both military and civilian participants from all 50 states and the District of Columbia; this parade largely evolved from the post-inaugural procession to the White House, and occurred as far back as Jefferson's second inauguration in 1805, when workers from the Washington Navy Yard, accompanied by military music, marched with the president[45] on foot as he rode on horseback from the Capitol to the White House. [18] When Gerald Ford became president in 1974, following the resignation of Richard Nixon, he addressed the nation after taking the oath, but he characterized his speech as "Not an inaugural address, not a fireside chat, not a campaign speech – just a little straight talk among friends". Recent presidents have hosted their eventual successors on the last day in office.
If you find a mistake, please let us know. In addition to the public, the attendees at the ceremony generally include the vice president, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, high-ranking military officers, former presidents, living Medal of Honor recipients, and other dignitaries. Term began when President Taylor died on July 9. In and around Washington DC there can be considerable disruption to public life, both on Inauguration Day and in the days before and after the ceremony. The most recent presidential inauguration ceremony was held on January 20, 2017, when Donald Trump officially assumed office.

It was at Lincoln's second inauguration, in 1865, that Native Americans and African Americans participated in the inaugural parade for the first time. Tuten, Nancy Lewis; Zubizarreta, John (2001). Newly sworn-in presidents usually give a speech referred to as an inaugural address.

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