The theoretical calculation was based of on E-24 series color band table and the measured resistance of the resistor was measured by a … What do you call pieces of cardboard with political slogans on them? Leads me to suggest that the resistors at the school came from the same manufacturing batch, and yours at home came from another. Also the resistor's actual resistance: The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. All have tolerances that can vary. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. An easier approach is to calculate the required resistance: $$R=\dfrac{V_{CC}-V_{F}}{I_F}$$ If you are 13 years old when were you born? What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing? For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. The power dissipated by the circuit is measured by a wattmeter or a power meter. See answer from Marko Buršič below for details. Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? When did organ music become associated with baseball? rev 2020.10.30.37923, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, remove the LED from your circuit, then the equations will be more accurate. So does the multimeter. Forms of stellar orbits around the galactic center, sed with next line (`+N` option) and frequency (`~N`) together. This difference of 5.6mA between the calculated 15mA and the measured 9.4mA seems too large to be due to manufactering deficiencies of the parts of the circuit. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? Also, what actual measurement circuit were you using (and details of the meter you were using etc.)? As per comments/answers I measured the voltage over the LED and the resistor: Understanding current, voltage and resistance, Normalised Current Transfer Ratio of Opto-Coupler. Regardless of the specific circumstances of a particular resistance measurement, the fundamental strategy remains the same: determine current and voltage, then calculate resistance. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? The simple explanation why there is a difference between the calculated values and the measured values is because of the tolerance on the components. Now the calculation indeed does make sense: 3.18V/325 Ohm = 9.8mA Which is close enough to the measured … Attention!". When did organ music become associated with baseball? Podcast 282: Stack Overflow’s CEO reflects on his first year, different current readings with a multimeter between the 200 mA and the 10 A slots. So the goal in determining the value of a resistor embedded in a circuit is to somehow measure the voltage drop across that resistor and the current flowing through it. How large a sample of results do you base your statement on? All Rights Reserved. Percent correction for Magnetic Field vs. Electric Field! Your calculation ignores the fact that there is a LED in the circuit which usually contains a forward voltage drop of around 0.7V. they're allowed to be both a bit above as well as below the target No component is perfect. It would help if you included a table of results. Under the Reverse biased condition, the opposition offered by the diode to the reverse current is known as Reverse Resistance.Ideally, the reverse resistance of a diode is considered to be infinite. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? @Mr.Snrub Oh of course, thanks for correcting that. Standard A better way to calculate this would be: (5-0.7) / 330 = 13mA. Use MathJax to format equations. Resistance is calculated - R (ohms) - primarily as V (voltage) = I (current) times R (resistance) - V=I*R. It is calculated to determine voltage and current. - LED: 1.94V @David777 Actually 0.7V is the forward voltage for a regular signal diode; LEDs have a larger forward voltage, at least 1.5V for visible light LEDs. If you are going to be quite precise about currents in the mA range, you should measure the resistor value and the supply voltage for their exact values before doing calculations. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata? I happen to noticed that as the theoretical resistance value increases so does the percent error. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Why does resistance value measured using multimeter differ from one decoded using colour band? What was packaged in their free trial software packages? You used the same meter for all the measurements, I hope Do you get similar results if you redo all the measurements using a different meter? The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. This difference of 5.6mA between the calculated 15mA and the measured 9.4mA seems too large to be due to manufactering deficiencies of the parts of the circuit. MathJax reference. Why are the measured values of the resistors different from the stated values? Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata? How can I obtain an online libretto in Russian for the opera Boris Godunov? All Rights Reserved. - Resistor: 3.18V Resistors have tolerance. How long will the footprints on the moon last? 2: If you're using a simple multimeter there's no tellin. Now the calculation indeed does make sense: What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Typical ranges are 5%, 10%, and 20%, though you can get. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. value. Click it to enlarge it. Would the rest of the UK lose anything more than honor if Scotland exits the UK? Why are the measured values of resistors different from the nominal values? Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? All Rights Reserved. silver), to 5% (fourth band gold). Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? If you are 13 years old when were you born? Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for electronics and electrical engineering professionals, students, and enthusiasts. Why is calculated current different from measured current in a circuit? How long will the footprints on the moon last? If you construct a simple circuit where a 10 volt power supply feeds a 10 ohm resistor, you would expect to measure a current of o. All electronic components have a tolerance value in their Planned Economy Bakery - Trying to scale a nested loop with a heap. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? How to calculate current and voltage draw of a single resistor circuit? Why aren't fixed build platform 3D printers popular? - 325 ohm. resistors range from 20% (no fourth band), to 10% (fourth band Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? When did organ music become associated with baseball? The actual resistance is within some percentage (tolerance) of the nominal resistance, so the measured resistance is close to the nominal but not exactly the same. Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? For resistors, it is specified as a plus or minus If you bought 10% tolerance, a brown black red could be 950Ω to 1050Ω. How long will the footprints on the moon last? tolerance. $$I=\dfrac{V_{CC}-V_{F}}{R} = \dfrac{5V-1.8V}{330\Omega} = 9.7 mA$$ As example the LED forward voltage drop is 1.8V. Thanks for contributing an answer to Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange! Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? 1: Resistors are manufactured with different tolerances, ie Regardless of the specific circumstances of a particular resistance measurement, the fundamental strategy remains the same: determine current and voltage, then calculate resistance. How to measure the mass of alpha particle? If you are 13 years old when were you born? An interesting problem with "decomposing" natural numbers. All Rights Reserved. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? measu. JavaScript is disabled. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? However, when I try to measure the current flow by placing my multimeter (in series) between the LED and the resistor I measure I = 9.4mA. If you bought 10% tolerance, a brown black red could be 950Ω to 1050, China's most important trees are hiding in plain sight, First Australian night bees recorded foraging in darkness, New study reveals United States a top source of plastic pollution in coastal environments, Theoretical vs measured sheet resistance of conductivity paper. Resistors will not normally Is there a formula for absolute magnitude that does not contain an apparent magnitude term? Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Now I want to know the (more or less) exact current flow in my circuit. How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? Reverse Resistance (R R). Can a small family retire early with 1.2M + a part time job? What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? Resistance = 240 ÷ 3 = 80 Ω To calculate the resistance of an electrical component, an ammeter is used to measure the current and a voltmeter to measure the potential difference. Therefore I assume I am making some error in my assumptions/logic, but I cannot figure out what. Am I a dual citizen? Thanks for the reply anyways. It is easy to place the wrong resistor in without checking. Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? Resistance. If you are 13 years old when were you born? How much does does a 100 dollar roblox gift card get you in robhx? Are there any functions with Big O (Busy Beaver(n))? However, when I try to measure the current flow by placing my multimeter (in series) between the LED and the resistor I measure I = 9.4mA. What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing? The Overflow #45: What we call CI/CD is actually only CI. Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Where is Gralhund Villa located within Waterdeep? Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata?

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