Sarajevo is also famous for its city lookouts; including an observation deck on Avaz Twist Tower, Park Prinčeva restaurant, Vidikovac lookout (Mt. During the siege, 11,541 people lost their lives, including over 1,500 children. The cloudiest month is December (75% average cloud cover) while the clearest is August (37%). The south Slavs. [27] The first mention of name Sarajevo was in 1507 letter written by Feriz Beg. After his men had looted thoroughly, they set the city on fire and destroyed nearly all of it in one day. Over time the traffic volume steadily grew from 70,000 to 600,000 passengers a year.
Husrev-beg greatly shaped the physical city, as most of what is now the Old Town was built during his reign. Following a German bombing campaign, Sarajevo was captured on 15 April 1941 by the 16th Motorized infantry Division. [107] In the 1940s the University of Sarajevo became the city's first secular higher education institute, effectively building upon the foundations established by the Saraybosna Hanıka in 1537. Thanks to steady but constant and stable growth after the war, today's built-up area that includes not only previously mentioned urban municipalities but the urban part of Hadžići that is uninterruptedly connected to Ilidža, the westernmost part of the Sarajevo urban settlement, is inhabited by more than 419,000 people, while the metro area including 8 additional municipalities, 14 in total goes up to 555,210 inhabitants. Yugoslavia was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century. The city also hosts the Sarajevo National Theater, established in 1921, and the Sarajevo Youth Theatre. Roughly 85% of Bosnia's Jewish population would perish at the hands of the Nazis and the Ustaše during the Holocaust in the region. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (it self formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia. RK Bosna also competes in the European Champions League and is considered one of the most well organised handball clubs in South-Eastern Europe with a very large fan base and excellent national, as well as international results.

Banate of Bosnia 1154–1377 [32] The city typically experiences mildly cloudy skies, with an average yearly cloud cover of 45%. Another popular sport is basketball; the basketball club KK Bosna Sarajevo won the European Championship in 1979 as well as many Yugoslav and Bosnian national championships making it one of the greatest basketball clubs in the former Yugoslavia.
There are also several international schools in Sarajevo, catering to the expatriate community; some of which are Sarajevo International School and the French International School[110] of Sarajevo, established in 1998.

By 1807, it had only some 60,000 residents. According to the census, the population of the Sarajevo Canton was 413,593, with 55,181 residents in Centar Sarajevo, 118,553 in Novi Grad, 64,814 in Novo Sarajevo and 36,976 in Stari Grad.[83]. Sarajevo was also the home of a very notable post-punk urban subculture known as the New Primitives, which began during the early 1980s with the Baglama Band which was banned shortly after first LP and was brought into the mainstream through bands such as Zabranjeno Pušenje and Elvis J. Kurtović & His Meteors, as well as the Top Lista Nadrealista radio, and later television show. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/capital+of+Yugoslavia, The capital and largest city of Serbia, in the north-central part of the country at the confluence of the Danube and Sava Rivers. While Sarajevo had a large industrial base during its communist period, only a few pre-existing businesses have successfully adapted to the market economy. Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1929–1941 Population density and urbanization. Though a city named Vrhbosna existed, the exact settlement in Sarajevo at this time is debated. Škaljić, Abdulah. In the afternoon we reach Belgrade, the capital of former Yugoslavia, and now of Serbia, which lies at the confluence of the rivers Sava and Danube. [26] The city is connected to all the other major cities by highway or national road like Zenica, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Mostar, Goražde and Foča. Sarajevo International Airport (IATA: SJJ), also called Butmir, is just a few kilometers southwest of the city and was voted Best European Airport With Under 1,000,000 Passengers at the 15th Annual ACI-Europe in Munich in 2005. Though it held some political significance as the center of first the Bosnian region and then the Drinska Banovina, the city was no longer a national capital and saw a decline in global influence.[50]. [86] These include respondents being encouraged by census interviewers to identity as belonging to one of the three constituent peoples. The highest of the surrounding peaks is Treskavica at 2,088 meters (6,850 ft), then Bjelašnica mountain at 2,067 meters (6,781 ft), Jahorina at 1,913 meters (6,276 ft), Trebević at 1,627 meters (5,338 ft), with 1,502 meters (4,928 ft) Igman being the shortest. Sarajevo (/ˌsærəˈjeɪvoʊ/ SARR-ə-YAY-voh; Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: Сарајево, Bosnian pronunciation: [sǎrajeʋo] (listen); see names in other languages) is the capital[5] and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its administrative limits. The Sarajevo Haggadah was the most important artifact which survived this period, smuggled out of Sarajevo and saved from the Nazis and Ustaše by the chief librarian of the National Museum, Derviš Korkut.

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